Thousands of contaminated sites exist nationally due to hazardous waste being dumped, left out in the open, or otherwise improperly managed. These sites include manufacturing facilities, processing plants, landfills and mining sites. In response to these man-made hazards, Congress established the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) in 1980. CERCLA is commonly referred to as “Superfund” and give the EPA the right to clean up these sites.
Superfund sites are considered the most polluted properties in the US, often requiring years of expensive and time-consuming cleanup. They can contain a variety of different hazardous substances that can cause long-term health effects in both adults and children alike if exposed for extended periods of time.
Property owners should take when buying real estate near Superfund sites, as it is usually not a required disclosure in most states. HazardHub maintains a database of known Superfund sites that tells you the name, address, and distance to the nearest site.